David Hull Publications





Books and Anthologies


1973. Darwin and His Critics: The Reception of Darwin’s Theory of Evolution by the Scientific Community, Cambridge: Harvard University Press; reprinted 1983, Chicago: University of Chicago Press; extract in Darwin: A Norton Critical Edition

3rd edition by Philip Appleman (2001), pp. 257-264.


1974, Philosophy of Biological Science.  Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall; translated into Portuguese (1975) and Japanese (1994).


1988, Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science, Chicago: University of Chicago Press; extract in Darwin: A Norton Critical Edition, 3rd edition by Philip Appleman (2001), pp. 361-363.


1989, The Metaphysics of Evolution.  Stony Brook: State University of New York Press.


1992, How Classifications Works: Nelson Goodman among the Social Sciences  (edited with Mary Douglas).  Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press.


1998, Philosophy of Biology  (edited with M. Ruse).  Oxford: Oxford University Press.


2001, Science and Selection: Essays on Biological Evolution and the Philosophy of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


2001, Selection Theory and Social Construction: The Evolutionary Naturalistic Epistemology of Donald T. Campbell  (edited with Cecilia Heyes), SUNY Press.


2002. Promises and Limits of Reductionism in the Biomedical Sciences, (edited with Marc van Regenmortel), Chichester: John Wiley





1964, Consistency and Monophyly, Systematic Zoology 13:1-11; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1965, The Effects of Essentialism on Taxonomy: Two Thousand Years of Stasis, The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 15:314-326 & 16:1-18; reprinted in Concepts of Species, C. N. Slobodchikoff (ed.), Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976; and in The Units of Selection, Marc Ereshefsky (ed.), Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992.


1966, Phylogenetic Numericlature, Systematic Zoology 15:14-17.


1966, The Logical Structure of the Linnaean Hierarchy, Systematic Zoology 15:97-111 (with Roger Buck).


1967, Certainty and Circularity in Evolutionary Taxonomy, Evolution 21:174-189.


1967, The Metaphysics of Evolution, The British Journal for the History of Science 3:309-337; reprinted in Science of Synthesis (2000), F. B. Golley and D. R. Keller (eds.), University of Georgia Press, pp. 247-262.


1968, The Conflict between Spontaneous Generation and Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Proceedings of the Seventh Inter-American Congress of Philosophy, Quebec, Canada: Les Presses de l’Universite Laval, 2:245-250.


1968, The Operational Imperative: Sense and Nonsense in Operationism, Systematic Zoology 17:438-457.


1969, What Philosophy of Biology is Not, Journal of the History of Biology 2:241-268; and Synthese  20:157-184.


1970, Systemic Dynamic Social Theory, The Sociological Quarterly 11:351-363.


1970. Contemporary Systematic Philosophies, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 1:19-54; reprinted in Topics in the Philosophy of Biology, M. Grene and E. Mendelsohn (eds.), Dordrecht-Holland: D. Reidel, 1976; and in Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology,  E. Sober (ed.), Cambridge: MIT Press, 1984.


1972, Charles Darwin and Nineteenth Century Philosophies of Science, in Foundations of Scientific Method: The Nineteenth Century, R. Giere and R. Westfall (eds.), Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, pp. 115-132; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1972, Reduction in Genetics - Biology or Philosophy? Philosophy of Science 39:491-499.


1973. Reduction in Genetics - Doing the Impossible, in Proceedings of the IVth International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, P. Suppes (ed.), Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company, pp. 619-635.


1974, Darwinism and Historiography, The Comparative Reception of Darwinism, T. Glick (ed.), Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, pp. 388-402; reprinted by the University of Chicago Press, 1988.




1975, Central Subjects and Historical Narratives, History and Theory14:253-274; reprinted in Hull (1989); reprinted 1998 in Historia y explicación en biología, Ana Barahona and Sergio Martínez (eds.), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Fondo de Cultura Económica: Mexico, pp. 247-272.


1976, Are Species Really Individuals?  Systematic Zoology 25:174-191.


1976, Informal Aspects of Theory Reduction, in Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science; PSA 1974, R. S. Cohen and A. Michalos (eds.), Dordrecht-Holland: D. Reidel, pp. 653-670; reprinted in Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology,  E. Sober (ed.), Cambridge: MIT Press, 1984.


1977, The Ontological Status of Species as Evolutionary Units, in Foundational Problems in the Special Sciences, R. Butts and J. Hintikka (eds.), Dordrecht-Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Company, pp. 91-102; reprinted in Philosophy and Biology,  M. Ruse (ed.), New York: Macmillan, 1989; and Hull (1989).


1978, Gènètique et rèductionisme, La Recherche 9:220-227. 


1978, Altruism in Science: A Sociobiological Model of Cooperative Behavior among Scientists, Animal Behavior 26:685-697; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1978, A Matter of Individuality, Philosophy of Science 45:335-360; reprinted in Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology,  E. Sober (ed.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1984; and in The Units of Evolution,  M. Ereshefsky (ed.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992.


1978, Planck’s Principle, Science 202:717-723 with P. Tessner and A. Diamond; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1978, Sociobiology: Scientific Bandwagon or Traveling Medicine Show? Society 15:50-59; in M. S. Gregory, A. Silvers, and D. Sutch (eds.), Sociobiology and Human Nature, Josey-Bass Publishers: San Francisco; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1978, The Sociology of Sociobiology, New Scientist 79:862-865.


1979, In Defense of Presentism, History and Theory 8:1-15; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1979, The Limits of Cladism, Systematic Zoology 28:416-440.


1979, Philosophy of Biology, in Current Research in Philosophy of Science, P. D. Asquith and H. E. Kyburg (eds.), East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 421-435.


1979, Teaching at a State University, Teaching Philosophy 2:119-121.


1980, Individuality and Selection, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11:311-332; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1980, Sociobiology: Another New Synthesis, In G. W. Barlow and J. Silverberg (eds.), Sociobiology: Beyond Nature/Nurture, AAAS Selected Symposium, Westview Press: Boulder, CO, pp. 77-96; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1981, Units of Evolution: A Metaphysical Essay, in The Philosophy of Evolution, U.J. Jensen and R. Harré (eds.), Brighton, England: The Harvester Press, pp. 23-44; reprinted in Genes, Organisms, Populations, R.N. Brandon and R.M. Burian (eds.), Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1984.


1981, Historical Narratives and Integrating Explanations, in Pragmatism and Purpose: Essays Presented to Thomas Goudge, L.W. Sumner, J.G. Slater, and F. Wilson (eds.), Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, pp. 172-188.


1981, Reduction and Genetics, The Journal of Medicine and Biology 6:125-140.


1981, The Herd as a Means, PSA 1980, Vol. 2, P.D. Asquith and R.N. Giere (eds.), East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 73-92.


1981, The Principles of Biological Classification: The Use and Abuse of Philosophy, PSA 1978, vol. 2, P.D. Asquith and I. Hacking (eds.), East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 130-153.


1982, The Naked Meme, in Learning, Development, and Culture, in H.C. Plotkin (ed.), London: John Wiley, pp. 273-327.


1982, Biology and Philosophy, Contemporary Philosophy: A New Survey,  in G. Floistad (ed.), The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, pp. 281-316.


1983, Darwin and the Nature of Science, in Evolution from Molecules to Men, D.S. Bendall (ed.),Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 63-80; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1983, Karl Popper and Plato’s Metaphor, in Advances in Cladistics, vol. 2, N. Platnick and V. Funk (eds.), New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 177-189; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1983, Thirty-One Years of Systematic Zoology, Systematic Zoology 32:315-342.


1983, Exemplars and Scientific Change, PSA 1982, vol. 2, P.D. Asquith and T. Nickles (eds.), East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 479-503.


1984, Cladistic Theory: Hypotheses that Blur and Grow, in Cladistics: Perspectives on the Reconstruction of Evolutionary History, in T. Duncan and T. Steussy (eds.), New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 5-23; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1984, Sociobiology: Another New Synthesis, in Sociobiology: Beyond Nature-Nurture?   W. Barlow and J. Silverberg (eds.), Boulder CO: Westview Press, pp. 77-96; an unabridged version of The Sociology of Sociobiology, 1978; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1984, Lamarck among the Anglos, An Introduction to Lamarck’s Zoological Philosophy, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. xi-lxvi.


1984, Historical Entities and Historical Narratives, in Minds, Machines and Evolution,  in C. Hookway (ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 17-42.


1985, Bias and Commitment in Science: Phenetics and Cladistics, Annals of Science 42:319-338.


1985, Darwinism as an Historical Entity: A Historiographic Proposal, in The Darwinian Heritage, D. Kohn (ed.), Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 773-812.


1985, Openness and Secrecy in Science: Their Origins and Limitations, Science, Technology & Human Values 10:4-13.


1985, Linné as an Aristotelian, in Contemporary Perspectives on Linnaeus,  in J. Weinstock (ed.), Lanham, MD: University Press of American, pp. 37-54.


1986, Conceptual Evolution and the Eye of the Octopus,  in Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science,  vol. 7, R.B. Marcus, G.J.W. Dorn, and P. Weingartner (eds.), Amsterdam: North-Holland, pp. 643-665; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1986, Les fondements épistémologiques de la classification biological, L’Ordre et la Diversité du Vivant, Nouvelle Encyclopédie des Sciences et des Techniques, Ouvrage Coordonné par Pascal Tassy, Fayard: Foundation Diderot, pp. 161-203.


1987, Genealogical Actors in Ecological Plays, Biology & Philosophy  2:168-203; reprinted in Hull (1989).


1988, On Human Nature, in PSA 1986, vol. 2, A. Fine and P. Machamer (eds.), East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 3-13; reprinted in Hull (1989) and Hull and Ruse (eds.), Philosophy of Biology (1998).


1988, Interactors versus Vehicles, in The Role of Behavior in Evolution,  H. Plotkin (ed.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 19-50; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1988, A Mechanism and Its Metaphysics: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science, Biology & Philosophy 3:123-155; translated into Spanish, 1997, in Epistemologia Evolucionista, S. F. Martinez and L. Olivé (eds.), Mexico: Paidós, pp. 105-145; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1988, A Period of Development: A Response, Biology & Philosophy 3:241-263.


1988, Progress in Ideas of Progress, in Evolutionary Progress, M.H. Nitecki (ed.), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 27-48.


1989, A Function for Actual Examples in Philosophy of Science, in What Philosophy of Biology Is: Essays for David Hull, M. Ruse (ed.), Dordrecht, Holland: Kluwer Academic Publishing, pp. 313-324; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1989, The Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics, in The Hierarchy of Life: Molecules and Morphology in Phylogenetic Analysis,   B. Fernholm, K. Brener, and H. Jörnvall (eds.), Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers, pp. 3-15.


1989, On Being a Scientist, with F. Ayala, R.M. Adams, M.D. Chilton, G. Holton, K. Patel, F. Press, M. Ruse, and P. Sharp, Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences.


1990, Conceptual Selection, Philosophical Studies 60:77-87.


1990, Particularism in Science, Criticism 32:343-359.


1990, First Thoughts on the Contrast between the Sciences and the Humanities, Proceedings of the 1989 Conference on Teaching, Bryn Mawr College, pp. 171-179.


1991, Conceptual Evolution: A Response, in PSA 1990, vol. 2, A. Fine, M. Forbes, and L. Wessels (eds.), East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 255-264.


1992, An Evolutionary Account of Science: A Critical Notice, Biology & Philosophy 7:229-236.


1992, The Evolution of Conceptual Systems in Science, World Futures 34:67-82; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1992, The Particular-Circumstance Model of Scientific Explanation, in History and Evolution, M. N. Nitecki and D.V. Nitecki (eds.), Albany, NJ: SUNY Press, pp. 69-80.


1992, Biological Species: An Inductivist’s Nightmare, in How Classification Works, Mary Douglas and David Hull (eds.), Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press, pp. 42-68.


1993, Testing Philosophical Claims about Science, in PSA 1992, vol. 2, D. Hull, M. Forbes and K. Okruhlik (eds.), East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, pp. 468-475; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1994, Species, Race and Gender: Differences are not Deviations, in Genes and Human Self-Knowledge: Historical and Philosophical Reflections on Modern Genetics, R. Wier, S. Lawrence, and E. Fales (eds.), Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, pp. 207-219.


1994, Ernst Mayr’s Influence on the History and Philosophy of Biology: A Personal Memoir, Biology & Philosophy 9:375-386.


1995, Die Rezeption von Darwins Evolutionstheorie bei britischen Wissenschaftsphilosophen de 19.Jahrhunderts, in Die Rezeption von Evolutionstheorien im 19. Jahrhunderts, Eve-Marie Engels (ed.), Frankfort: Suhrkamp Verlag, pp. 67-104.


1995, La filiation en biologie de l’evolution et dans l’histoire des langues, in Le paradigme de la filiation, J. Gayon and J.J. Wunenburger (eds.), Paris: Editions l’Harmatten, pp. 99-119.


1995, The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, R. Audi (ed.), entries on Darwinism (pp. 177-179), Mechanistic Explanation (pp. 476-477), Gregor Mendel (pp. 480-481) and Teleology (p. 791). 


1996, Rainbows in Retrospect: L.A.S. Johnson’s Contributions to Taxonomic Philosophy, Telopea 6:527-539.


1996, Why Scientists Behave Scientifically, MRS Bulletin 21:72; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1996, A Revolutionary Philosopher of Science, Nature 382:203-204.


1996, The Role of Negative Evidence in Science, Marine Ecology 191:305-307.


1997, The Ideal Species Definition and Why We Can’t Get It, in Species: The Units of Biodiversity, M.F. Claridge, H.A. Dawah, and M.R. Wilson (eds.), London: Chapman Hall, pp. 357-380.


1997, What’s Wrong with Invisible-Hand Explanations? PSA 1996 vol. 2, L. Darden (ed.), pp. 117-126; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1997, That Just Don’t Sound Right: A Plea for Real Examples, in The Cosmos of Science,  J. Earman and J.D. Norton (eds.), Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, pp. 428-457; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1998, Panglossian Progress, Evolución y progress, Barcelona: Tusquets Editores, J. T. Suárez (ed.), pp. 75-94.


1998, Species, Subspecies and Races, Social Research 65 (2): 351-367.


1998, The Role of Biology in Philosophy of Biology, In 1st International Conference on Philosophy of Science, J. T. Suárez (ed.), Universidade de Vigo, Vigo: Spain, pp. 75-94.


1998, Taxonomy, Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 9:272-276.


1999. Studying the Study of Science Scientifically, Perspectives on Science 6:209-231; reprinted in Hull (2001).


1999, On the Plurality of Species: Questioning the Party Line, In Species New Interdisciplinary Essays, Rob Wilson (ed.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press pp. 23-48.


1999, Interdisciplinary Dissonance: Ghiselin, Atran and Dupré, In Folk Biology, D. J. Medin and S. Atran (eds.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 477-500.


1999, The Use and Abuse of Sir Karl Popper, Biology & Philosophy 14:481-504.


2000, Why Did Darwin Fail?  The Role of John Stuart Mill, In Epistemology and Biology,  R. Creath and J. Maienschein (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 48-63.


2000. The Professionalization of Science Studies: Cutting Some Slack, Biology & Philosophy, 15:61-91.


2000, Taking Memetics Seriously: Memetics Will Be What We Make It, In Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science, Aunger, R. (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 43-67.


2001, A General Analysis of Selection, with Sigrid Glenn and Rod Langman, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24:511-573, reprinted in Hull (2001).


2001, Michael Ruse and his Fifteen Years of Booknotes – For Better or for Worse, Biology & Philosophy, 16:423-435.


2001, The Role of Theories in Biological Systematics, Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 32:221-238.


2001, In Search of Epistemological Warrant, in C. Heyes and D. L. Hull (eds.), Selection Theory and Social Construction: the Evolutionary Naturalistic Epistemology of Donald T. Campbell, Albany: SUNY Press, pp. 155-167.


2002, Recent Philosophy of Biology, Acta Biotheoretica 50:117-128


2002, Prematurity and Promise: Why Was Stent’s Notion of Prematurity Itself So Premature?, Prematurity on Scientific Discovery, ed. by E.B. Hook,  Prematurity on Scientific Discovery, E.B. Hook (ed.), Berkeley, University of California Press, pp. 329-341.


2002, The Success of Science and Social Norms, History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 23:339-358.


2002, Varieties of Reductionism – Derivation and Gene Selection, in by D.L. Hull and M. van Regenmortel (eds.), In Promises and Limits of Reductionism in the Biomedical Sciences, John Wiley, Chichester, pp. 161-173.



2002, A Portrait of Biology, In The Philosophy of Marjorie Grene, The Library of Living Philosophers, pp. 259-278.


2002. Species, Languages and the Comparative Method, Selection 3:17-28.


2002, Recent Philosophy of Biology, Acta Biotheoretica, 50:117-128.


2002, Darwin’s Science and Victorian Philosophy of Science, The Cambridge Companion to Darwin,


2002, Professional Responsibility, Metaphilosophy,


2003, The Bad Old Days