Hayek, Freidrich (1945). "The Use of Knowledge in Society.." American Economic Review, XXXV, No. 4 (September), (519-30).

Hodgson, Geoffrey Martin (editor) (1998). The Foundations of Evolutionary Economics, 1890-1973. Northampton, Mass, Edward Elgar. This two volume collection is extremely useful because it pulls together key writings in evolutionary economics and provides commentaries. Click here for a table of contents. In his introductory essay Hodgson gives a very good summary of the history of evolutionary thought in economics.

Hodgson, Geoffrey Martin (2000). Evolution and Institutions: On Evolutionary Economics and the Evolution of Economics. Northampton, Mass, Edward Elgar. Reviewed by Anne Mayhew on

Writings of David Hume (web site has searchable electronic copies of many of his major works)

Krugman, Paul (1996). What Economists Can Learn from Evolutionary Theorists. Web Publication. A talk given to the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy.

Metcalfe, Stanley and Michael Gibbons (1989). "Technology, Variety, and Organization: An Systematic Perspective on the Competitive Process." Research on Technological Innovations, Management and Policy, JAI Press, (153-193). This is a spectacular paper that anyone interested in evolutionary economics should read.

Metcalfe, J. Stanley Evolutionary economics and creative destruction. London and New York, Routledge. This is an excellent introcution to Evolutionary Economics.

Murmann, Johann Peter (2003). Knowledge and Competitive Advantage: The Coevolution of Firms, Technology, and National Institution. New York, Cambridge University Press.

Nelson, Richard R. and Sidney G. Winter (1982). An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. This is the seminal work in evolutionary economics and should be the starting point for anyone who wants to get acquainted with evolutionary economics.

Writings of Schumpeter (Bibliography in German)

Writings of Adam Smith (Web site has searchable electronic copies of many of his major works.)

Vromen, Jack J (1995). Economic Evolution: An Enquiry into the Foundations of New Institutional Economics. London and New York, Routledge. This is an superb inquiry into the conceptual foundation of evolutionary economics.

Readings for Complex Adaptive Systems and Agent-Based Computational Economics