Aldrich, Howard E (1979). Organizations and Environments. Englewoods Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall.

Hannan, M. and J. Freeman (1989). Organizational Ecology. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.

Hawley, Amos (1950). Human Ecology: Theory of Community Structure. New York, Ronald Press.

Langton, John (1984). "“The Ecological Theory of Bureaucracy: The Case of Josiah Wedgwood and the British Pottery Industry.." Administrative Science Quarterly , 29, (3):, (330-354). This is a spectacular paper spelling out the causal mechanisms that would explain the rise of bureaucracy in modern societies. Max Weber has found his evolutionary theorist in John Langton.

Sanderson, Stephen K (1995). Social Transformations: A General Theory of Historical Development. Cambridge, Mass, Blackwell. Keywords: Social evolution, Economic anthropology, Capitalism.

Tilly, Charles (1984). Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons. New York, Russel Sage Foundation.